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Providing adequate therapy for sport injuries

access_time May 26, 2015
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Athletes manage to accident themselves more than the regular person. They stress their body, in other words muscles, joints and bones, in order to reach a level of high performance. While some injuries may be the result of direct trauma, others derive from overuse. On the other hand, persons who regularly frequent the gym or who have recently taken up a new sport can be subject to injuries that require special medical care and recovering. Based on the initial findings, Ottawa sports physiotherapy experts propose a fitness program that will suit the needs of each individual. There are many techniques that are used in a rehabilitation program.

Ice

Maybe the most common way of treating a sport injury is to apply a pack of ice on the wound. Ice lowers the swelling and helps to relieve pain due to the fact that it decreases blood flow to the damaged area. Pay attention: ice is used only for serious injuries. If the injury is not accompanied by swelling, a physiotherapist may decide to use a hot pack instead. Ice is most effective in the first 24 hours, even though it can be used if the pain still persists the following day.

Ice can be applied in the form of a cold pack, ice cubes, crushed ice or even a wet towel. Should you injure yourself when exercising at home, you can apply a bag of frozen veggies to relieve the swelling. The ice needs to be changed every 20 minutes or so, until you get some professional intervention arrives.

Compressing

Another way to reduce swelling is done by wrapping an elastic bandage around the injury. Thus, the areas will be immobilized, but that will not prevent the patient from being able to move, although it will make it just a bit difficult. Do not imagine that the compression has to be extremely tight. Even a gentle compression does the job.

Stretching

The thing to remember is that afflictions are followed by periods of inactivity due to the fact that people are afraid to move. This has serious repercussions on the elasticity of the muscles. In order to help patients regain full mobility and tighten the muscles, experts engage with them in stretching exercises, meaning that therapists manually help patients perform the exercises, so that later on they can do them home as well. Some are in the situation in which they cannot manage by themselves.

Motion exercises

Just as stretching, the role of motion exercises is to improve the mobility of the joints. General inactivity can lead to muscle weakness and a range of motion exercises can prevent joint and muscle stiffness. Next, in order to relax the muscles, professionals most frequently recommend massage therapy.

In conclusion, it is obvious that these are not exclusive treatments. There are a variety of measures that can be applied based on the type of injury (active or chronic), physical shape and goals. With the aid of physiotherapy, many people have returned to their active lifestyles, fully regaining their mobility.

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