Ever since its inception at the beginning of the nineteenth century, baseball has been one of the favorite American pastimes and soon after, its popularity spread throughout the world as well. Japan is another country that really adhered to this new game and today they too are amongst the countries who love baseball the most, having their own professional baseball league.
Baseball teams usually refer to the players on the field, involved actively in the game, but they can also define the whole group of people and personnel that manage and help the team. The number of players in baseball teams can differ from league to league and can also be influenced by the level of performance. The group of players in a baseball team is usually referred to as a roster, or squad. Teams that are part of the Major League Baseball are constituted from twenty-five players, which are usually divided as follows: eight position players which are active regularly consisting of a catcher, three outfielders and four infielders; then there are five starting pitchers, which form the team’s rotating system of pitching; the team’s bullpen consists of six relief pitchers and a specialist closer. The bullpen is an off-field area designated for pitchers to warm up.
Other players on a team’s roster are a back-up catcher, two back-up infielders and two outfielders and a specialist pinch hitter. But baseball teams are not complete without a set of diverse managers, which include, first and foremost, a head coach, who deals with the major strategic tactics of the team. The head coach decides the order of the starting rotation and its respective reserves; he also deals with any substitutions done during the game. Usually, head coaches have two assistants, two secondary coaches, each being assigned a specific aspect of training and managing. Their responsibilities in baseball teams generally consist of practicing with the players on their hitting, pitching, fielding and conducting basic work-outs.
The secondary coaches also have the responsibility of being on the field and direct their players, each of them positioned somewhere outside the first and third bases. They relay messages and strategies through special and secret signals from the head coach to the batters and runners or help direct baserunners while the ball is still in play. Another aspect that makes baseball so special is that, unlike with other sports, here coaches are required to wear the team’s uniforms, especially those present on the field. The multiple numbers of umpires, the intricacy of its rules and its long tradition make baseball a very interesting and loved sport.