For those who’ve never seen a game before, baseball can seem like the most complicated or the most random team-based game ever to exist. However, baseball is a very practical and even mathematical game, so if one were to give a bit of time to understanding baseball rules they might get to see that too. Baseball is considered America’s favorite pastime and it has been part of its culture and the world’s culture ever since its birth somewhere in the beginning of the nineteenth century.
Since then, baseball rules have drastically changed, and they still differ sometimes from league to league, or from country to country. The basic baseball rules are the “Official Baseball Rules” which represent American and Canadian baseball and are also applied for the World Baseball Classic. Other competitions and countries abide by slightly different rules, but with no major modifications. These “deviates” are found at Olympics and World Cup competitions and they are also followed by youth baseball organizations and leagues not pertaining to North America, like the Nipon Professional Baseball from Japan, which is another country that loves baseball.
Even though baseball rules had evolved and mutated since the game’s beginnings, they have stayed the same for a long time now, so any players and fans of the game regard them almost like traditions that mustn’t be modified under any circumstances. This is ironic considering that in its first years of existence, baseball rules often changed from game to game, or from year to year. But the game was slowly and steadily evolving, and somewhere towards the end of the nineteenth century it began to stabilize and adopt the nine-inning format everyone knows today.
Baseball is a two-team game, with each team consisting of nine players. Because the game is so complicated and spread-out, most baseball rules ask for at least four umpires to supervise it. There are also four bases, with the fourth being called home plate, which gets players points when reached. Together, the four bases form a 90-feet square called diamond. The infield, meaning the space delimited by the four bases, is where the pitcher is placed. He is supposed to throw, or pitch the ball to his team’s catcher; next to the catcher there’s a batter from the opposite team who must try to hit the ball. If he does, he must complete a tour of the four bases before the throwing team recuperates the ball. These are just the basic rules of baseball, but the easiest way of understanding the game is to watch it unfold.